Farm and Wilderness

Rating
CompanyFarm and Wilderness
Outdoor AccessEnhanced Outdoor Access
Market AreaVT
LocationPlymouth, VT
Market Area DetailVermont
Websitewww.farmandwilderness.org
Total Score2255

We encourage all highly rated egg brands to send us a brief description of their farm or company to post on this webpage. This farm/company has not sent us their materials; if you are one of their customers, and would like to know more about their background, please contact them and encourage them to forward their information to Cornucopia.

CriteriaPointsComments
TOTAL (possible score is 2700) 2255
5-Egg Rating | Top Rated
Family farms and farmer cooperatives that market their own eggs receive the most points. Corporations that do not produce any eggs receive the fewest points.
Ownership Structure
100Non-profit, produces all of own eggs
Flocks of 500 birds or fewer receive the most points based on Animal Welfare Approved standards.
Average Flock Size
100under 500 birds
Single henhouses receive the most points.
Single or Double Henhouses
100single
Animal Welfare Approved and Biodynamic certifications receive the most bonus points. Producers are not penalized for not having additional certifications beyond organic.
Other Certifications (bonus points)
none
Points determined by integrity of the brand’s organic certifier.
Organic Certifier
100Vermont Organic Farmers
Farms that are 100% certified organic receive the most points, farms/brands that are split conventional and organic receive fewer points.
Commitment to Organics
100100% organic
More than 1.8 square feet per bird receives the most points, less than 1.2 square feet receives the fewest.
Indoor Space per Bird
1008Êsq ft/henÊ
Farms with perches, scratching areas and deep litter or year round pasture receive the most points.
Indoor Enrichments
100perches, dust baths, scratching, pasture access
Farms that freshen litter weekly receive the most points.
Litter Management
100litter cleaned out weekly plus pasture access
Farms that ensure birds have ample access to outdoors during daylight hours receive the most points.
Natural Light
100birds have ample access to outdoors for natural light during all daylight hours
Farms that ensure 108ft2 per bird or more outdoors receive the most points.
Outdoor Space per Bird
80average 80 sq ft/hen
Farms that ensure birds are in mobile housing or 1 large door per 75 birds receive the most points.
Popholes/Exit to the Outdoors
90one door for every 76-250 birds
Farms that ensure birds have access to feed, water and shade outdoors receive the most points.
Outdoor Enrichments
100feed, water, shade
Farms that can ensure outdoor access year round or those that only confine birds during inclement weather receive the most points.
Outdoor Space Exemptions
100year-round pasture access
Farms that use mobile housing rotated on pasture every 1-2 days or weekly receive the most points.
Outdoor Management System
70fixed housing with rotated pasture
Farms that recycle chicken manure on the farm, using it for fertilizer, without causing nutrient pollution, receive the most points.
Manure Handling System
100manure composted and used on farm
Farms that never force molting receive the most points.
Forced Molting
100no forced molting
Farms that never trim or tip beaks receive the most points.
Beak Trimming
100no beak trimming
Farms where hens live an average of 3+ years or 1.6-3 years receive the most points.
Laying Hen Lifespan
40between 1-1.5 years
Farms where spent hens die a natural death, are sold for meat, or are processed and sold for human consumption, receive the most points.
Use of Spent Hens
100processed as stewing hens
Farms where the death loss rate of hens is less than 3% annually receive the most points.
Death Loss Rate
20around 12%
Farms that breed and incubate their own chicks, or raise their own pullets, receive the most points.
Pullets
90hatch some chicks, buy some chicks
Farms that allow pullets access to the outdoors within the first 6 weeks of life, or within 6-10 weeks, receive the most points.
Pullet Access to Outdoors
806-10 weeks old
Farms where all feed is produced on the farm receive the most points.
Feed Produced on Farm
50just pasture
Farms where 100% of the feed is grown in the US or Canada receive the most points.
US Grown Feed
100all domestically grown
No points are given for this but the information may be useful to certain consumers looking to avoid soy.
Soy in Feed
Yessoy in feed ration
Farms that do not feed synthetic amino acids receive the most points.
Synthetic Amino Acids
70no more than 2 lbs per ton synthetic methionine
Farms that participated in Cornucopia’s research providing full transparency receive the most points.
Disclosure Rate
65no photo set, one unclear answer