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Explanation of Votes
+
Agreed with Cornucopia's position
Opposed Cornucopia's position
[A]
Abstained
R
Recused
Absent
Did not vote due to absence
*
Insufficient Data
Current members in colors:
Yellow
Independent/strongest upholders of organic integrity
Green
Swing voters
Gold
Pro-corporate agribusiness block
Gray
Not a current NOSB member

NOTE: The Cornucopia Institute has updated its scorecard analyzing the votes of NOSB members. Current scores are based on the positions taken by nonprofit organizations that monitor activity by the USDA and NOSB. This clearly illustrates the divide between the positions taken by the farmers and consumer groups that helped build the organic movement, and the corporate lobby (disproportionally represented on the NOSB). Scores for former members may include votes not listed. See archived votes document for pre-2011 meetings.

NOTE ON ABSTENTIONS: Abstentions do not support the position of The Cornucopia Institute and other public interest groups. Unlike recusals based on legitimate conflicts of interest, abstentions are often used by members to shelter themselves from potential criticism.

Scroll Table Left and Right
Position Affiliation Score Carrageenan Beta Carotene Extract Ozone Gas Soy Wax 1-methylcyclo-propene Hydroponics Hydroponics Amendment Squid by-products SDBS Lactates Policy and procedures manual revisions Algicide soap Ammonium soaps Vitamin D3 Lignin sulfonate Ethylene gas (2015) Sodium silicate EPA list 4 inerts sunset (crops) Glycerides (mono-/di-) Tocopherols Xanthan gum Beet juice color Black currant juice color Pumpkin color Red cabbage color Black/Purple carrot color Blueberry juice color Carrot juice color Cherry juice color Chokecherry juice color Elderberry juice color Grape juice color Grape skin extract color Paprika color Purple potato juice color Fish oil Isopropanol (livestock) Red radish color Saffron extract color Turmeric extract color De-oiled lecithin Ivermectin Moxidectin Copper sulfate EPA List 4 inerts sunset (livestock) Laminarin EPA list 4 inerts annotation change (crops) EPA list 4 inerts annotation change (livestock) L-malic-acid Egg white lysozyme Activated charcoal Sodium acid pyrophosphate Methionine (2015) Ferric phosphate Sulfurous acid Sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate Aqueous potassium silicate Gellan gum Tragacanth gum Mg oxide (listing as petitioned) Mg Oxide (listing with expiration) Streptomycin CBI in petitions Tetracycline sunset Polyoxin D zinc salt Indole-3-butyric acid Barley beta fiber Taurine in cat food Ferric phosphate Oxidized lignite/ Humic scid Biodegradable mulch films PGML Sulfuric acid Ascorbyl palmitate in infant formula Beta carotene in infant formula Lutein in infant formula L-Carnitinein infant formula L-Methionine in soy-based infant formula Nucleotides in infant formula Taurine in infant formula Nonanoic acid Public communications Choline in infant formula Gibberellic acid Inositol Agar-Agar Carrageenan Cellulose Inspector qualifications Ammonium nonanoate Indole-3-butyric acid Propane (odorized) Arachidonic acid (ARA) DHA from algal oil Sulfur dioxide (in wine) Chlorine materials
Date of Meeting Fall 2016 Spring 2016 Fall 2015 Spring 2015 Fall 2014 Spring 2014 Spring 2013 Fall 2012 Spring 2012 Fall 2011
Cornucopia/NGO Position Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No No No No No No
Jay Feldman conservationist Beyond Pesticides Beyond Pesticides 97% + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Jennifer Taylor public/consumer interest Florida A&M Florida AM 97% + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Colehour Bondera farmer Kanalani Ohana Farm Kanalani Ohana Farm 92% + + + + + + + + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + -[A] + + + + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Emily Oakley farmer Three Springs Farm Three Springs Farm 91% + + + + + + + + + -[A] +
Barry Flamm conservationist Conservation Consultant The Cornucopia Institute 80% + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Francis Thicke conservationist Radiance Dairy Radiance Dairy 63% + + + + + + + + + + + + -[A] + + + + -[A] + -[A] + + + + + + + + + -[A] + + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Calvin Walker public/consumer interest Southern Univ. and A&M College Southern Univ and AM College 59% -[A] + + + -[A] + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Nick Maravell farmer Nick's Organic Farm Nicks Organic Farm 53% + + -[A] + + + + -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] + -[A] -[A] -[A] + + + + + + + + + +[A] see note + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
A-dae Romero Briones public/consumer interest Pulama Lana'i Pulama Lana'i 50% + + + + + +
Jean Richardson public/consumer interest Organic inspector/Univ. Vermont retired Univ Vermont 45% + + + + + + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Dan Seitz public/consumer interest Council on Naturopathic Medical Educ. CNME 45% + + -[A] + + + -[A]
Harriet Behar conservationist MOSES MOSES 45% + + + + + -[A]
Kristine Ellor conservationist Phillip's Mushrooms Phillips Mushrooms 42% [A] + +
Steve DeMuri handler Campbell's Soup Campbells 42% + +
Paula Daniels conservationist Los Angeles Food Policy Council Los Angeles Food Policy 33% + +
Lisa de Lima retailer MOM's Organic Market MOMs Organic Market 33% + + + + + + + -[A] -[A] -[A] + + + + + + + -[A] + + + +
Wendy Fulwider farmer Organic Valley/Whole Foods-GAP Organic Valley 31% + + + + + + + [A] + +
Ashley Swaffar farmer Vital Farms Vital Farms 30% + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Robert "Mac" Stone certifier State Organic Program - KY State Organic Program KY 29% + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Katrina Heinze scientist General Mills General Mills 29% + +
Joseph Dickson retailer Whole Foods Whole Foods 28% + + + + + + + + +
Tracy Favre conservationist Environmental Engineer
Manufacturer’s Representative/Certification Inspector
FHPReps 28% + + + + + -[A] + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
Zea Sonnabend scientist CCOF CCOF 23% -[A] -[A] + -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] -[A] + -[A] -[A] -[A] + + + + + + + [A] + + + + + + + + + + [A] +
Tracy Miedema public/consumer interest Earthbound/WhiteWave Whitewave Foods 23% +
Scott Rice certifier WA State Dept. of Agriculture WSDA 18% + +
John Foster handler Earthbound/WhiteWave Whitewave Foods 14% + + +
Jesse Buie farmer Ole Brooks Organics Ole Brook Organics 9% +
Carmela Beck farmer Driscoll's Driscolls 9% + + + + + + + +
Tom Chapman handler Clif Bar CLIF Bar 9% + + -[A] -[A] + + +
Harold Austin handler Zirkle Fruit Zirkle 5% -[A] -[A] + Absent Absent Absent Absent Absent + + +

Key

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Fall 2016
  • Carrageenan Vote was to remove carrageenan from the national list as a non-agricultural, non-organic substance. Cornucopia supported the motion.
  • Beta Carotene Extract Vote was to remove beta carotene extract from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the motion.
  • Ozone Gas Vote was to remove ozone gas from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the motion.
  • Soy Wax Vote was to add soy wax to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the motion.
  • 1-methylcyclopropene Vote was to add 1-methylcyclopropene to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the motion.
  • Hydroponics Vote was to refer hydroponics back to the crops subcommittee. Cornucopia opposed the motion.
  • Hydroponics Amendment Vote was to amend the hydroponics resolution. Cornucopia supported the motion.
Spring 2016
  • Squid By-Products Vote was to add Squid by-products to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • SDBS Vote was to add SDBS to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Lactates Vote was to add lactates to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Policy and Procedures Manual Revisions Vote was to revise the policy and procedures manual. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
Fall 2015
  • Algicide Soap Vote was to remove algicide soap from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Ammonium Soaps Vote was to remove ammonium soaps from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Vitamin D3 Vote was to remove vitamin D3 from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Lignin Sulfonate Vote was to remove lignin sulfonate from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Ethylene Gas (2015) Vote was to remove ethylene gas (2015) from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Sodium Silicate Vote was to remove sodium silicate from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • EPA list 4 inerts sunset (Crops) Vote was to remove EPA list 4 inerts (crops) from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Glycerides (Mono-/Di-) Vote was to remove glycerides (mono-/di-) from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural, non-organic substance. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Tocopherols Vote was to remove tocopherols from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural, non-organic substance. Cornucopia opposed the proposal provided the substance was classified as non-synthetic and an annotation was added banning the use of synthetic solvents. It was re-listed as a synthetic
  • Xanthan Gum Vote was to remove xanthan gum from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural, non-organic substance. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Beet Juice Color Vote was to remove beet juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Black Currant Juice Color Vote was to remove black currant juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Pumpkin Color Vote was to remove pumpkin color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Red Cabbage Color Vote was to remove red cabbage color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Black/Purple Carrot Color Vote was to remove black/purple carrot color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Blueberry Juice Color Vote was to remove blueberry juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Carrot Juice Color Vote was to remove carrot juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Cherry Juice Color Vote was to remove cherry juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Chokecherry Juice Color Vote was to remove chokecherry juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Elderberry Juice Color Vote was to remove elderberry juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Grape Juice Color Vote was to remove grape juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Grape Skin Extract Color Vote was to remove grape skin extract color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Paprika Color Vote was to remove paprika color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Purple Potato Juice Color Vote was to remove purple potato juice color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Fish Oil Vote was to remove fish oil from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Isopropanol (Livestock) Vote was to remove isopropanol (livestock) from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Red Radish Color Vote was to remove red radish color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Saffron Extract Color Vote was to remove saffron extract color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Turmeric Extract Color Vote was to remove turmeric extract color from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • De-oiled Lecithin Vote was to remove de-oiled lecithin from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Ivermectin Vote was to remove ivermectin from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Moxidectin Vote was to remove moxidectin from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposes the proposal.
  • Copper Sulfate Vote was to remove copper sulfate from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • EPA List 4 Inerts Sunset (Livestock) Vote was to remove EPA list 4 inerts (livestock) from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Laminarin Vote was to classify Laminarin as a non-synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • EPA list 4 Inerts Annotation Change (Crops) Vote was to change the annotation for EPA list 4 inerts (crops). Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • EPA list 4 inerts Annotation Change (Livestock) Vote was to change the annotation for EPA list 4 inerts (livestock). Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
Spring 2015
  • L-Malic-Acid Vote was to remove l-malic-acid from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural non-synthetic ingredient. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Egg White Lysozyme Vote was to remove egg white lysozyme from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural non-synthetic ingredient . Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Activated Charcoal Vote was to remove activated charcoal from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural synthetic ingredient. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Methionine (2015) Vote was to amend the annotation for methionine so as to allow an alternative way of calculating methionine usage in poultry feed. Cornucopia opposed the proposal. Nick Maravell is credited with opposing after abstaining in protest of the inclusion of Harold Austin, who was not present at the meeting and voted via phone link.
  • Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate Vote was to remove sodium acid pyrophosphate from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural synthetic ingredient . Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Ferric Phosphate Vote was to remove ferric phosphate from the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
Fall 2014
  • Sulfurous Acid Vote was to remove sulfurous acid from the national list as an allowed synthetic . Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Sodium Carbonate Peroxyhydrate Vote was to remove sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate from the national list as an allowed synthetic . Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Aqueous Potassium Silicate Vote was to remove aqueous potassium silicate from the national list as an allowed synthetic . Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Gellan Gum Vote was to remove gellan gum from the national list as an allowed non-agricultural non-synthetic ingredient. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Tragacanth Gum Vote was to remove tragacanth gum from the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural ingredient . Cornucopia supported the proposal.
Spring 2014
  • Magnesium Oxide (listing as petitioned) Vote was to add magnesium oxide to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Magnesium Oxide (listing with expiration) Vote was to add magnesium oxide along with an expiration date to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Streptomycin Vote was to amend the annotation for streptomycin so as to delay expiration of the material until 2017. It was set to expire in 2014. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Confidential Business Information in Petitions Vote was to approve revision of the material petition process to eliminate confidential business information. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
Spring 2013
  • Tetracycline Sunset Vote was to allow removal of tetracycline from the national list in 2014, instead of delaying sunset until 2016. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Polyoxin D Zinc Salt Vote was to add polyoxin D zinc salt to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Indole-3-Butyric Acid Vote was to add indole-3-butyric acid to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Barley Beta Fiber Vote was to add barley beta fiber to the national list as an allowed non-organically produced agricultural product. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Taurine in Cat Food Vote was to add taurine in cat food as an allowed synthetic to the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
Fall 2012
  • Ferric Phosphate Vote was to remove ferric phosphate as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Oxidized Lignite/Humic Acid Vote was to add humic acid extracted with hydrogen peroxide to the annotation already on the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Biodegradable Mulch Films Vote was to add biodegradable mulch films to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • PGML Vote was to add PGML to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Sulfuric Acid Vote was to add sulfuric acid to the national list as an allowed synthetic to adjust the pH of chicken manure. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Ascorbyl Palmitate Vote was to add ascorbyl palmitate to the national list for use as a preservative in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Beta Carotene Vote was to add beta carotene to the national list as an allowed synthetic in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Lutein Vote was to add lutein to the national list as an allowed synthetic in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • L-Carnitine Vote was to add L-carnitine to the national list as an allowed synthetic in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • L-Methionine Vote was to add L-methionine to the national list as an allowed synthetic in soy-based infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Nucleotides Vote was to add nucleotides to the national list as an allowed synthetic in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Taurine in Infant Formula Vote was to add taurine to the national list as an allowed synthetic in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Nonanoic Acid Vote was to add nonanoic acid to the national list as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Public Communications Vote was to amend the NOSB's policy and procedures manual with regard to public communications. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
Spring 2012
  • Choline Vote was to add choline as an allowed synthetic to the national list for use in infant formula. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Gibberellic Acid Vote was to add gibberellic acid as a non-agricultural, non-synthetic to the national list for use in post-harvest bananas. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Inositol Vote was to add inositol as an allowed synthetic to the national list for infant formula and enteral products. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Agar-Agar Vote was to relist agar-agar as a non-agricultural, non-synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Carrageenan Vote was to relist carrageenan as a non-agricultural, non-synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Cellulose Vote was to relist cellulose as an allowed synthetic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
Fall 2011
  • Inspector Qualifications Vote was to approve draft guidance to NOP on inspector qualifications. Cornucopia supported the proposal.
  • Ammonium Nonanoate Vote was to add ammonium nonanoate as an allowed synthetic to the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Indole-3-Butyric Acid Vote was to add indole-3-butyric acid as an allowed synthetic to the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Propane (Odorized) Vote was to add odorized propane as an allowed synthetic to the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Arachidonic Acid (ARA) Vote was to add arachidonic acid (ARA) as an allowed non-agricultural, non-organic substance to the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • DHA from Algal Oil Vote was to add DHA from algal oil as an allowed non-agricultural, non-organic substance to the national list. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Sulfur Dioxide (in wine) Vote was to amend the annotation for sulfur dioxide in wine to expand its use from wine "made with organic ingredients" to wine that is certified organic. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.
  • Chlorine Materials Vote was to amend the annotation for chlorine materials to clarify proper usage. Cornucopia opposed the proposal.